- One of the principal Buddhist monuments of Pagan (Bagan), said to contain relics from the body of Gotama Buddha. It was built during the reigns of Kings Anawrahta (r. 1044-1077) and Kyanzittha (r. 1084-1113). Its design anticipates later Burmese pagodas, including the Shwe Dagon. Apart from Buddhism, the Shwezigon is associated historically with veneration of the Thirty-seven Nats, statues of whom are found near the pagoda platform.See also Architecture, Religious; Pagan Dynasty.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
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